Bird’s-eye view – Helmeted Guineafowl

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Helmeted Guineafowl

Numida meleagris

Roberts No 203

By Pompie Burger

Distribution map

In the bad old days they used to be called Administration Chickens—nowadays you can probably call them Government Chickens. Whatever your choice, Helmeted Guineafowls are almost certainly the most common and best-known birds in Namibia. The reason for the chicken thing is that these birds superficially resemble chickens and spend most of their time on the ground foraging for food. They are also on the list for ‘hunting’ game fowl, (what an absurdity), but this is probably also a legacy from the bad old days.

The guineas give new meaning to the word gregarious—you seldom if ever see them singly except when breeding. They seem to be constantly chattering and complaining about whatever the problem might be. They could easily start a union, something like the GGCU; then they could affiliate with the NUNW and refer all their problems and complaints there.

There are six guineafowl species in the world, with only the helmeted variety occurring in Namibia. Guineafowls love to ‘fight’ (union) and chase each other, but these fights seldom end in anything more than a chase (union), compared to francolins that have spurs on the backs of their legs, which they use when fighting to settle their differences.

Guineafowls are apparently quite good security guards, judging by their loud calls at the slightest disturbance. (They could even affiliate with the Security Guards Union.) They have different calls for different occasions, for instance their mating call, a two-syllable whistle, and an alarm call that could be described as a raucous, grating sound. This is also the call they use early in the morning to wake any potential laatslaper.

Breeding takes place during summer and once incubation starts, the males abandon the nest. Luckily the chicks are highly precocial (able to leave the nest almost immediately) and self-sufficient, at which stage the male returns to look after the chicks and do most of the rearing functions.

Helmeted guineafowls occur throughout Namibia, except in  the extreme west. Because they are so highly adaptable, they are indeed a candidate for Namibia’s national bird. The specific name meleagris comes from the ancient mythological figure, Meleager, who killed his uncles and in return was killed by his mother, who hanged herself as a result. All Meleager’s sisters turned into guineafowls when their tears failed to triumph over their brother’s death; hence the tear-drop plumage.

This article appeared in the Dec ‘10/ Jan ‘11 edition of Travel News Namibia.

 Based in Windhoek, Pompie Burger is an orthopaedic surgeon whose part-time passion is photography, in particular wildlife, and specifically birds. This regularly takes him to the most remote corners of the country, resulting in riveting images and articles.

Pompie is the author and photographer of the coffee table book Birds of Namibia, which was published in 2008. The book contains articles and photographs which attest to the insight and knowledge of an accomplished observer. 
Read more of his articles in our Birding Section.
Travel News Namibia
Travel News Namibia
Travel News Namibia is a high-quality glossy Namibia travel and lifestyle magazine tasked with promoting Namibia to the world. With riveting stories, first-hand encounters and magnificent photographs showcasing tourism, travel, nature, adventure and conservation, TNN is the ultimate and most comprehensive guide to exploring Namibia. Travel News Namibia is published in five different editions per year. These include four English- language editions and one German. Travel News Namibia is for sale in Namibia and South Africa.

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